The remarkable longevity of a 16th century song and tune
Greensleeves has captured the imagination of musicians for well over four centuries, testified by innumerous versions. This, the third of three articles about the mythology, history and music of Greensleeves, gives an audio flavour of the remarkable versatility and vitality of the melody and song, an à la carte menu to choose from. We begin with versions of the passamezzo antico and romanesca which are the foundation of Greensleeves; then advance to the song on period instruments; the Playford dance; two Greensleeves morris dances; the Christmas song; Ralph Vaughan Williams’ classical version; then a range of more modern interpretations: folk, blues, bluegrass, country, pop, rock, punk, black metal, jazz, flamenco, disco, trance, dubstep, Vietnamese ballet … and the ice cream van tune.
Click on the blue text of any version to open up the YouTube video.
Greensleeves’ origins: the passamezzo antico and romanesca
The Greensleeves verse is structurally a passamezzo antico. Here are lute versions of the passamezzo antico by …
Diego Ortiz, Spain, published in 1553
Adrian le Roy, France, 1568
The Greensleeves chorus is structurally a variant of the passamezzo antico, a romanesca. Here are romanescas by …
Alonso Mudarra, Spain, 1546, for 4 course renaissance guitar
Alonso Mudarra, a romanesca called Guardame las vacas for vihuela, here accompanied by lute
Here are the passamezzo antico and romanesca together, played by an ensemble of lutes with a vihuela
The birth of Greensleeves: lute manuscripts
Greensleeves as an anonymous lute duet titled the the terble to grien sliuis (sic) and the ground to grien sluis respectively in the so-called Folger ‘Dowland’ MS, c. 1590, played here on vihuela and lute.
Francis Cutting’s Greenesleeues by maister Cuttinge for lute in BL Add MS 31392, c. 1605, with the most beautiful unexpected twists and turns; sandwiched between the more well-known greene sleues in MS 408/2, c. 1592–1603, an English amateur lute anthology now in Trinity College, Dublin.
Greene sleves Is al mij Joije in the Thysius lute book, Holland, c. 1595–1620.
Greensleeves, with the original words and period instruments
A performance on voice and renaissance lute by Ian Pittaway, plus a quick dash through the chief points in the previous two articles on this site about the song, the first countering the Greensleeves myths and the second giving the true history.
The song, with (some of) the words as it first appeared, with a period instrument consort of lute, recorder, harp and viola da gamba.
Greensleeves as social dance: Playford
The social dance, Greensleeves & Yellow Lace, which appeared in the series of dance manuals, The Dancing Master, initiated in 1651 by John Playford. This dance appeared in the published series from 1721 to 1728.
Greensleeves as a morris dance
The morris dance, Bacca Pipes: two or more dancers each dance over two long-stemmed tobacco pipes, crossed on the ground, the skill being in dancing around, between and over them without touching or disturbing them.
From the morris tradition of Wyresdale, near Lancaster, Greensleaves or Kick my A**e. (The dance starts after 20 seconds.) It was described as “a bit on the rough side and was more often done at weddings and parties than at dances.”
Greensleeves in religious and classical music
What Child Is This, originally written by English poet and lay theologian William Chatterton Dix as a poem, The Manger Throne, in 1865, set by John Stainer to Greensleeves in 1871 to become a Christmas favourite.
Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Fantasia on Greensleeves, which also includes another traditional English song, Lovely Joan, which RVW collected himself in Suffolk. Arranged by Ralph Greaves, overseen by RVW himself. This is a lovely live version played by a small ensemble of 7 musicians.
Greensleeves as folk and blues
James Taylor plays Greensleeves bluesily.
Hans Theessink plays Saint James Infirmary Blues incorporating Greensleeves.
Hoyt Axton, adding some words of his own.
Greensleeves goes bluegrass, country and pop
Roger Sprung, bluegrass.
Nashville West, featuring Clarence White, “country rock”.
The great Chet Atkins, country guitar.
The Scorpions, 1960s beat combo.
The Moody Blues, What Child is This.
Greensleeves with headbangers, punks and metal
Ritchie Blackmore’s rockers, Rainbow.
Slime play a punk instrumental.
Abwhore play a black metal version.
Greensleeves jazz, bossanova & flamenco
Tenor saxophonist Coleman Hawkins – just lovely.
Mauricio Montecinos plays a bossanova and flamenco Greensleeves.
Greensleeves trance and dubstep
Nomansland play trance and reggae.
James Sonke turns it into dubstep.
Greensleeves on TV
Snickers commercial with Henry VIII.
Homer Simpson on trombone.
Lassie The Miracle theme tune.
Greensleeves … errr … uncategorisable
Trio di trombone, trombone trio.
The Lords, pop band, 1966. Inexplicable.